Kanchipuram silk sarees, an integral Part of Indian civilization and Heritage has taken its title and known to originate from a village called Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu, India. It was during this period both weaving groups-Alegars Devan gas settle in this district demonstrating their artistic capability. Now, Kancheepuram is called the silk capital/ silk city and the silk sarees out that there are allegedly the best among all silks in the world. Known to be the Queen of silk sarees, they are hand woven by using raw materials such as pure mulberry fiber threads, which can be obtained by Tamandu and Karnataka, interleaved designs made in metallic silver and gold thread Zari woven, from Gujarat and brightly colored dyes. 1 kg of zari comprises 50% silver, around 5-51/2 gram of gold and equivalent quantity of silk fiber.
The silk threads are dyed afterwards Dipped in Rice water and sun dried to have the ability to improve the stiffness and thickness; they are then interlocked by twisting the silk threads with a thin silver cord and adhering to that gold thread is used. Since the zari is made up of three silk threads, they are exceptionally durable and lasts longer that enhances its beauty and value of the silk. The specific quality of Kanchipuram saree is, in 1.2 inches twist framework will have 60 holes using 240 threads in warp and 250-300 threads in the west. The quality of the banarasi silk saree is directly proportional to its weight. However nowadays lighter weighing sarees are also available and these are made using Korean and Chinese silk.
This luxurious lawn of fabric consists of three elements: the body, pallu and the border. The variations of designs and patterns are vast and generally include contrasting colors. The most Frequent patterns in the border are designs of chakras, elephants, mangoes, Flowers, etc., in the pallu are the scriptures and figurines of temples According to pallava temples, palaces and temples. These three components are Often woven separately and interlocked together. A zigzag pattern Pint can be Seen in the meeting point of body and pallu. The joining of the 3 elements is Done with such precision that it looks like a continuous weave and the Interlinked part is not visible. The weave was traditionally made into nine yards but over the decades six yards is included also. To make it economical to Everyone nowadays Kanchipuram sarees are woven in golden zari without losing its sheen.